The knee injury is painful and might prevent a person from walking. At times, the injury is slight that one remains tempted to ignore it. At times, it may prevent the person from walking or standing even.
Indications to see a doctor immediately
The person may have doubts whether to see the doctor after a knee injury. Check whether the following signs manifest after a knee injury. If they do, then one must take knee treatment immediately.
- Shape of the bone changes dramatically
- There is intolerable pain
- The region of the foot and ankle becomes cold, and there is no feeling of pulse
- There is an immediate swelling in the knee
- Knee cannot bear the weight
- Sensation is absent around the injury site
The first course of home care involves rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). If there is no significant improvement in the condition of the swelling of the knee after treatment, then one should go to the hospital. In most of the cases, one can see the red, swelling of the joint and at times, the person may have a fever. If there is, then the need for medical attention is immediate.
Factors that affect the knee injury
The mechanism of the injury is important. So the healthcare physician will ask about the way the injury came about and what the patient did when he got injured. This helps him to determine which structure could be affected.
The swelling if present could point to the nature of the injury. So, he will ask whether the swelling occurred immediately after the injury or whether it occurred much later. Was the patient able to walk without support? If the patient is able to walk, is he or she able to go up or down the stairs? Did the patient have any previous injuries? Then, this might have a bearing on the present one.
Diagnosis of knee injuries
First, the physician goes through the medical history. Next, he asks about the nature of the blow that caused the injury. Was it a direct blow? If yes, this might result in fractures. Did the person twist and get the injury? If so, the meniscus or cartilage might have torn. Is the injury linked to the planted foot? In this case, it could be a ligament tear.
During the physical examination, the healthcare provider will inspect the bones and make sure they are all in their proper places. He also examines the kneecap since it might have slipped out of position. This is evident on external inspection. When there is a slight flexion of the knee, it might indicate fluid in the joint space.
Palpation helps correlate underlying structures with the points of pain. For instance, meniscus injury will cause pain, and this is seen by palpating the space between the bone and the front part of the knee. He will stress the ligaments to make certain that they are in place and there is no injury. Then, he assesses the flow of blood and condition of the nerves in the leg.
At times, one might need an X-ray to discover any fractures in the bone. If the physician suspects damage to the ligament, then he may order an MRI of the knee.